Big Four same-names

This page is a running list of minor league teams since 1963 (and a few older) that have shared a nickname with another pro sports franchise in the “Big Four,” the colloquial name for the NBA, NFL, NHL, and MLB. As is the case with all live pages here at MLG, there are continuous updates as new revelations present themselves. At the end of this page is a list of all the Big Four same-names that have been identified.

Quick note: Since I’m using minor league teams as far back as 1963, I’ll apply the same time frame to the the Big Four leagues. This excludes many same-names, but it seems pedantic to note that, for instance, there was once an NHL team called the New York Americans and there was once a minor league team called the Auburn Americans. Does that really matter? Let’s stick with current Big Four teams and defunct Big Four nicknames that are more or less within living memory.






Bucks. The Bend Bucks of Bend, Oregon were an odd little team that played in the Northwest League from 1987-1991. Milwaukee’s NBA franchise has used the name consistently since 1968.



Bulls. Chicago’s team shares a name with one of the most famous minor league teams of all-time. The Durham Bulls first used the bovine moniker in 1913, well before the NBA’s Bulls were born in 1966. Both Bulls rose to prominence in the late eighties–one from a movie and one due to some kid from North Carolina.



Clippers. The Los Angeles (and former San Diego) Clippers have used this nickname since 1978, and since ’63, there have been two minor league clubs called the Clippers. One was the Batavia Clippers, who a Phillies farm club that played in the New York-Penn League from 1988 to 1997. Batavia had resurrected the nickname from the old PONY League team that played from ’39-’53. The other team to note is the Columbus Clippers, who have been a mainsail of the International League since their 1977 launch–a year before the NBA’s Buffalo Braves moved to California.



Grizzlies. Here’s a rare case of the NBA team coming before the minor league team. The Vancouver/Memphis Grizzlies began in 1995, whereas the still-active Fresno Grizzlies began play in 1998.



Hawks. The Boise Hawks currently play in the Northwest League, where they’ve used that name since 1987. The Waterloo Hawks of Iowa played in the Midwest League as recently as 1969. There have also been some hawk variations (Silver Hawks, RedHawks, etc.) but let’s not go there.



Hornets. The Greensboro Hornets changed their nickname to the Bats after an agreement was reached with their North Carolina brethren. But long before the Charlotte Hornets tipped off, the name Charlotte Hornets was used by baseball clubs, most recently with the Southern League in 1972.



Kings. Surprisingly, there has only been one minor league team called just the Kings in the post-Upheaval era–the weird one-year wonder Queens Kings of the year 2000. There have also been a few variations like Sun Kings and Copper Kings, but only one just Kings in recent decades.



Mavericks. The Dallas NBA team booted up in 1980, and there were Mavericks on either side of that timeline. The Northwest League’s independent Portland Mavericks (of Battered Bastards of Baseball fame) played in the Northwest League from 1973-1977. Jump forward to 1991, when the California League’s High Desert Mavericks began their 26-year run of mediocrity.



Pelicans. The Myrtle Beach Pelicans currently play in the Carolina League, and the nickname predates the NBA team by more than a decade. Going back further, the baseball version of the New Orleans Pelicans played in the American Association for one season in 1977, using the same nickname as previous baseball clubs that operated in the Southern Association and a few other early baseball circuits.



Raptors. The Pioneer League’s Ogden Raptors began in 1994, at the height of Jurassic Park mania. A year later, Toronto’s new NBA team followed the same hype-train.



Rockets. I know I said I wouldn’t dip back in time before the Upheaval, but the low minor league Roswell Rockets are a fairly well-known minor league team due to their UFO connotations. Roswell had the name from ’49-’56, about a decade before San Diego or Houston used it.



Spurs. It’s a bit odd to name your team after a boot accessory, but the NBA hasn’t had the only Spurs in the west. Five years before the b-ball team joined over from the ABA in 1976, the Texas League’s Dallas-Fort Worth Spurs hung ’em up for the last time–ceding territory to the nascent Texas Rangers. But wait, there’s more! There were two teams called the Salinas Spurs that played in the California League. The first existed from 1982-1987 before moving away. The second was from 1989-1992 and played without affiliation in the last few years before fizzling out of existence.



Suns. There have been many minor league clubs called the Suns since the NBA’s Phoenix franchise was founded in 1968. I’ll just list them. The Hagerstown Suns, a yo-yo team that currently plays in the South Atlantic League. The Jacksonville Suns, who played at both the Triple and Double-A levels from 1962-2016, the California League’s one-year wonder (1988) Fresno Suns, the Sally League’s short-lived (1984-1985) Spartanburg Suns, and the Midwest League’s one-year wonder (1983) Peoria Suns–who were the relocated one-year (’82) Danville Suns. Finally, there were the Harlingen Suns of the Lone Star League, an indy league within the minor league system that played one season in 1977.



Thunder. The Double-A Trenton Thunder have been a mainstay of the Eastern League since 1994. The Oklahoma City Thunder first rumbled in 2008, when the franchise was moved from Seattle.



Warriors. The Danville Warriors of Illinois competed in the Midwest League from 1970-1974. Their inaugural uniforms were modeled on their parent Seattle Pilots/Milwaukee Brewers, and their royal blue/gold combo coincidentally matches many of the Golden State/San Francisco color schemes over the years.



Wizards. From 1993-2008, the Fort Wayne Wizards cast their spells on the Midwest League. The Washington Wizards became a thing in 1997.



Honorable mention

Nuggets. This one comes with a big asterisk. After the 1985 season, the Pioneer League’s Idaho Falls A’s lost their parent club. In one non-affiliated season (before the Braves came to town) they scrambled to find a unique identity. They settled on Eagles. Or was it Nuggets? Or was it both? Probably Eagles, but there’s got to be some reason that Idaho Falls Nuggets pops up on Baseball Reference and such. It’s sort of an unsolved mystery. But if they were called the Nuggets in any shape or form, they weren’t the first to use that nickname. The ABA’s Denver Nuggets joined the NBA in 1976.

Bullets is a relatively recent defunct nickname in the NBA, and it was also used by the San Antonio Bullets for two years in the early sixties. The nickname is well-known because it is one of the most clever examples of a diminutive nickname. The Bullets were the Double-A affiliate of the Houston Colt .45’s, and just as bullets are used by a gun (e.g. a Colt .45), the Bullets (young baseball players) were used by the Houston MLB team.

The Beeville Blazers competed against the Harlingen Suns and the other teams in the 1977 Lone Star League. Though it’s not exactly Trail Blazers, it’s pretty close. While the 76ers are named after a famous year and the Inland Empire 66ers are named after a famous road, both have used the nickname “Sixers” colloquially. The Texas League’s Amarillo Sonics used that moniker for a few years in the Sixties. Not quite SuperSonics. Also the Seattle Sonics are no longer a team. Yet.

Additionally there are a few defunct NBA nicknames (Buffalo Braves, Cincinnati/Rochester Royals) that shared their nicknames with MLB teams, and thus, a plethora of COTOB minor league clubs. For what it’s worth.




National Hockey League (1947 - 2005)


Avalanche. The Colorado Avalanche launched in 1995, and that same year, the Carolina League’s Salem Buccaneers became the Salem Avalanche. Salem’s new parent club that year was the Colorado Rockies. Coincidence?



Blues. The NHL’s St. Louis franchise began play in 1967 as part of the league’s “second six” expansion. One year later, the Memphis Blues (another music-themed team) began playing minor league baseball in the Southern League. They were promoted to Triple-A, but then moved for the 1976 season. That’s the only minor league team called Blues since the Upheaval, but what self-respecting minor league geek could ignore the Kansas City Blues? They played high-level ball in the old American Association for the first half of the 20th Century, and had six Hall of Famers either manage or play for them, including Mickey Mantle.



Bruins. Here’s a minor league team that predates our timeline but that I can’t pretend to be ignorant of. The Des Moines Bruins were a Western League club from 1947-1958–likely a DimDer of their Chicago Cubs parent. The Boston Bruins have been a thing since 1924.



Capitals. I wouldn’t be surprised to discover that there were several pre-1963 minor league teams based in state capitals that used this moniker. The only one I’ve happened to run across is the Raleigh Capitals, a team identity that popped up in several circuits on-and-off between 1913-1962, and featured greats like Hank Greenberg and Carl Yastrzemski.



Ducks. We have to go back in time to find some fellow fowl. The Dayton Ducks kicked around various long-defunct leagues in the 30s and 40s, looking sharp in blue uniforms. The Portland Beavers of the Pacific Coast League were known as the Portland Ducks for one season in 1929, and a local precursor was called the Portland Webfoots from 1902-1903. It’s also worth mentioning that the famous Toledo Mud Hens are not technically named after a chicken–mud hen is a nickname for the American Coot, a species of duck.



Flyers. Philly was another 1967 NHL expansion team. The only use of Flyers in the minors (at least since the early sixties) is the one-year wonder Sumter Flyers of the South Atlantic League. When Atlanta ditched the Sumter Braves, Sumter scrambled to come up with a unique identity and settled on Flyers. They only flew for one season before moving to Albany, Georgia.



Hurricanes. The hockey Hurricanes of Carolina started up in 1997. Five years prior, another Carolinian team in minor league baseball used the nickname. The Myrtle Beach Hurricanes rotated through the South Atlantic League from 1991-1992 before blowing away.



Islanders. The New York Islanders joined the NHL in 1972, but that nickname was well-trod ground by that point. Daytona Beach had teams called the Islanders throughout the 20th Century–as recently as 1986. The Hawaii Islanders were a Pacific Coast League staple from 1961-1987, and had alums like Barry Bonds and Tony Gwynn. Hawaii was such a powerful minor league club that they even had minor league affiliates in a nesting-doll affiliation arrangement while Hawaii was also a San Diego affiliate. This is what gave us the Walla Walla Islanders for one season in 1972.



Jets. This is a common enough name to not only be used in two of the Big Four, but a handful of minor league teams as well. In 1985, the South Atlantic League’s franchise from Gastonia, NC had a transition season as a co-op team, as they went from being the Expos (in ’84) to the Tigers (’86). They picked Jets as their affiliation-neutral nickname. In the early sixties, the Midwest League had a team called the Quincy Jets. The most famous minor league Jets were undoubtedly the Columbus Jets, who represented Ohio’s capital while playing in the International League from 1955-1970 and counted Willie Stargell among their alums.



Kings. Surprisingly, there has only been one minor league team called just the Kings in the post-Upheaval era–the weird one-year wonder Queens Kings of the year 2000. The NHL’s version plays in America’s other major metro area.



Maple Leafs. The hockey team changed its name from the St. Pats in 1927, and it’s very likely that they ripped off another local sports team. The International League’s Toronto Maple Leafs baseball club had used the moniker since the 19th Century. The Leafs were a top level minor league club that represented Toronto until relocating to Louisville in 1967. A whopping fifteen baseball Hall of Famers played or coached for the Maple Leafs, including Charlie Gehringer, Carl Hubbell, and Nap Lajoie.



Oilers. Drilling back in time before the Drillers were the main draw in Tulsa, minor league baseball teams called the Tulsa Oilers existed in various leagues as early as 1905 and as recently as 1976 with the Triple-A American Association. Also in the 1970s, a WHA team in Edmonton made the transition to the NHL. In a funny coincidence, Oilers is also the long-time nickname of the minor league hockey team in Tulsa. As of 2020, the Tulsa Oilers are an affiliate of the St. Louis Blues.



Panthers. Panthers has been used in the minors before. The only one I can think of off the top of my head is the Fort Worth Panthers, a Texas League team from the early 20th Century.



Red Wings. Here we have one of the most storied and consistent identities in the NHL (Detroit) and one of the most storied and consistent identities in the minors (Rochester). So which came first? The Detroit Falcons hockey team was sold to James Norris in 1932 and he changed the name to Red Wings–inspired by an old Montréal bicycle club logo that featured a winged wheel. The Rochester Red Wings predated Detroit’s change by just a few years. In 1929–the early days of the farm system concept–the St. Louis Cardinals bought the International League’s Rochester Tribe and gave them a nickname derivative of their own. As far as I know, the Rochester Red Wings were the first ever DimDer and they exist today as a vestigial DimDer.

red wings


Senators. There are two types of minor league teams named Senators. One type is the COTOB of (both versions of) the former Washington Senators, which created a curious nickname in various small non-capital cities around the nation. The other type is the state capital nickname, which makes perfect sense for a unique identity. Here are a few of these. Columbus (Ohio) had teams called the Senators from 1888-1931, before affiliation with St. Louis took hold and they became the Red Birds. Sacramento‘s most well-known “heritage identity” is Solons, but they were also sporadically called the Senators from 1890-1935. Charleston (West Virginia) used Senators here and there from 1910-1960. Austin had many teams called the Senators in the earlier days of baseball, with the most recent being a Texas League franchise in the 1960s. Salem (Oregon) also used Senators in the olden days, resurrecting the identity most recently from 1977-1981. Finally, the Harrisburg Senators of Pennsylvania have called the Eastern League home since 1987, and their current parent club is coincidentally based in the capital city of the United States. Canada’s capital city has had an NHL team called the Senators since 1992.



Stars. Unsurprisingly, there have been a handful of Stars in the minors. The Pacific Coast League’s legendary Hollywood Stars bear mentioning, but there have also been three others since ’63. The Lone Star League’s Texas City Stars (the team that Bill Murray visited) had their one season in ’77. The PCL’s Las Vegas Stars booted up in 1983 and kept the name until switching to the ’51s in 2001. The Southern League’s Huntsville Stars are the most recent, having moved to Biloxi after the 2014 season.



Honourable mention

Both Canadiens and Canucks essentially mean the same thing: Canadians. That’s the nickname of the only Canadian team currently playing in the affiliated minors: the Vancouver Canadians. Las Vegas now has an NHL team called the Golden Knights. If you take away the unnecessary adjective (which is ironically a very minor league-ish trait) there is a connection with the International League’s Charlotte Knights. Though there hasn’t been a Devils in recent minor league history, the El Paso Diablos used the Spanish-language version of the word. No just “Sharks” in baseball, but there are currently two Florida State League teams named after types of sharks: the Jupiter Hammerheads and Clearwater Threshers. Incidentally, the defunct Atlanta Thrashers were named after a bird that uses a threshing/thrashing motion with its beak to find food, while the thresher shark is named for a tail resembling a thresher/thrasher.

Speaking of defunct NHL identities, the California/Oakland Golden Seals/Seals of the 60’s and 70’s (sort of) shared a name with the Pacific Coast League’s old San Francisco Seals. The team that the Seals became, the Cleveland Barons, share a name with the Southern League’s storied Birmingham Barons as well as older clubs like the Wilkes-Barre Barons.

Finally, there is the COTOB caveat with the Rangers as well as the defunct hockey version of the Colorado Rockies.





Bears. Bear with me here, people. There have been many Bears in minor league baseball. The most recent was the Northwest League’s Yakima Bears, who moved to Oregon in 2012. The Denver Bears were a key team in the American Association and Pacific Coast League from 1955 until 1983. The Blue Mountain Bears of Walla Walla, Washington (or was it the Walla Walla Blue Mountain Bears?) were a one-year wonder in ’83.  The California League’s old Bakersfield franchise was called the Bears from 1957-1967, and there’s a decent chance it was derivative of the Chicago Cubs, who were their parent in ’57. Going further back in time, the Eau Claire Bears of the Northern League were teenager Hank Aaron’s first club after signing on with the Boston Braves in 1952–just after a short stint with the Indianapolis Clowns. In Aaron’s hometown of Mobile, Alabama, the city used Bears as its minor league moniker for a few lengthy stints in various leagues in the 20th Century. The Mobile BayBears (sort of) payed homage to that heritage. Suffice to say that there have been a great many Bears in the minors.



Bills. It’s odd that such an odd nickname would be used more than once in professional sports, but the Williamsport Bills of Pennsylvania played in the Eastern League from 1987-1991. While the NFL team uses sort of a pun on the city name, these Bills seemed to have used a city nickname (“Billtown”) in a rare “place name referential nickname.”



Buccaneers. The Carolina League’s Salem Buccaneers were a wonderful little DimDer Pirates’ affiliate from 1987-1994. The NFL’s Tampa Bay franchise booted up in 1979.



Chiefs. This has been a common minor league moniker over the years, especially in the mid-20th Century. The Peoria Chiefs currently play in the Midwest League, where they’ve used the name since 1984. The Syracuse Chiefs were named as such near-continuously from 1934 to 2018, save a short stint as the SkyChiefs. Notably, both Peoria and Syracuse kept using the Native American nickname even though they rebranded to a different definition of the word–Peoria with fire chiefs and Syracuse with railroad chiefs. Other teams called the Chiefs since 1963: the Pioneer League’s Pocatello Chiefs, the Northwest League’s Wenatchee Chiefs, and the Northern League’s Grand Forks Chiefs. In earlier years, there were many others, notably the Hartford Chiefs, an Eastern League team in the 40s and 50s.



Cowboys. Though I’m sure I’ve heard of older teams called the Cowboys, the only instance since 1963 is the Magic Valley Cowboys of Twin Falls, Idaho. Magic Valley was a regional place name and before it was adopted, the team was simply the Twin Falls Cowboys. They played in the Pioneer League as recently as 1971.



Eagles. Though plenty of other Eagles flew through the pre-1963 minor leagues, there are only two instances of the nickname in modern minor league history. In the city of Kinston, North Carolina, teams called the Eagles played sporadically throughout various minor leagues from the 1920s to 1986, when they switched to being a COTOB Cleveland affiliate. Then there are the 1986 Pioneer League Idaho Falls Eagles, who may have also been called the Nuggets. It’s complicated.



Falcons. The Jamestown Falcons of New York were an old PONY League identity in the 40s and 50s, and the name was resurrected from 1968-1972–by which point the league was called the New York-Penn.



Jets. This is a common enough name to not only be used in two of the Big Four, but a handful of minor league teams as well. In 1985, the South Atlantic League’s franchise from Gastonia, NC had a transition season as a co-op team, as they went from being the Expos (in ’84) to the Tigers (’86). They picked Jets as their affiliation-neutral nickname. In the early sixties, the Midwest League had a team called the Quincy Jets. The most famous minor league Jets were undoubtedly the Columbus Jets, who represented Ohio’s capital while playing in the International League from 1955-1970 and counted Willie Stargell among their alums.



Lions. Here is another nickname that is common in colleges and high schools, but is almost impossible to imagine a minor league baseball team using in its basic form. But there was one! After the 1972 season, the California League’s Lodi Orions changed their name to the Lodi Lions for one year. But ’73, they were linked up with Baltimore and became the Lodi Orioles.



Packers. The profession of packing food used to be a common one throughout agricultural regions of the United States, and sports teams reflected that. The Dubuque Packers played in the Midwest League as recently as 1976. The California League’s Salinas Packers expired the year before that. The Sioux Falls Packers folded along with their circuit, the Northern League, in 1971.



Panthers. Panthers has been used in the minors before. The only one I can think of off the top of my head is the Fort Worth Panthers, a Texas League team from the early 20th Century.



Patriots. The Appalachian League has had very few unique nicknames over the years, but one was the Princeton Patriots in 1990–a one year stint between affiliations with the Pirates and Reds. The Western Carolinas League (the precursor to the Sally League) had a team in Charleston, South Carolina from 1973-1978. They were the Pirates for most of that stretch, save two years (’76-’77) when they were presumably gripped by bicentennial fever and became the Patriots. Patriots is sort of the “heritage identity” for Greensboro, North Carolina. They used the name extensively throughout the early and mid-20th Century, most recently a one-year stint in 1968.



Ravens. The former Cleveland Browns moved to Baltimore in 1996. Two years previous, the New Haven Ravens were added to the Eastern League (along with the Portland Sea Dogs) to accommodate affiliate needs of the Rockies and Marlins. The two black birds coexisted until New Haven moved to New Hampshire in 2004 and became the Fisher Cats.



Saints. Saints is a nickname that’s been used a few times as a place name referential nickname. The St. Petersburg Saints was a Florida State League identity up until they became the Cardinals in 1966. Going back to before the Upheaval, the St. Paul Saints played in the American Association from 1901-1960, and played host to several future Hall of Famers, mostly during their tenure as a Dodgers affiliate. The Saints (along with their rival Minneapolis Millers) ceased operations when the Minnesota Twins came to town.



Seahawks. The city of Port Arthur, Texas, had a team in the (old) Gulf Coast League from 1950-53 called the Seahawks. In 1954, Port Arthur was moved to the Evangeline League and are listed (on B-Ref and other sources) as the Sea Hawks. It also bears mentioning that the Seattle NFL team and the Pioneer League’s old Missoula Osprey both selected the same bird as their mascot, but used different common names for pandion haliaetus.



Honorable mention


Oilers used to be an NFL identity, and one of the minor league counterparts was detailed in the NHL section above, though there were also other Oilers in the older days of the minors.



Though there hasn’t been a minor league team called the Raiders in recent memory, the Midwest League’s Cedar Rapids Red Raiders used the seemingly racist version of the name as recently as the 60s.  Though not quite Broncos, the Lewiston Broncs used to play in the Northwest League. In older times, there were several minor league clubs called the Bronchos. I wouldn’t be surprised if I stumble across a straight-up “Broncos” at some point.

There used to be lots of minor league teams called the Browns and Colts, but those were defunct MLB team COTOBs (see below) for the St. Louis Browns and Houston Colt .45’s. The same applies for recent and current minor league teams called the Cardinals and Giants.






It goes without saying that there have been a great many minor league teams that were named after their MLB parent club, and as such, share a nickname with a Big Four team. If one is interested in digging into it, many of these “COTOBs” (as I call it) can be found on this page. There are also fair amount of “FauxTOBs,” which are minor league teams that have shared nicknames with MLB teams, but with no apparent connection vis-á-vis affiliation. These are found on this page.

A handful of teams in the other major North American sports leagues that have shared nicknames with MLB teams, and by extension, minor league teams. Current examples of this are the Arizona Cardinals, New York Giants, and New York Rangers. Going back in time, this list also includes Buffalo Braves (NBA), Syracuse Nationals (NBA),  Cincinnati/Rochester Royals (NBA), Colorado Rockies (NHL), and a handful of teams from the early days of the respective leagues. Though there aren’t many defunct nicknames in recent-ish MLB history, there are a few that have also been used by other Big Four teams. Senators (NHL) and Browns (NFL) stand out, but also Colts (NFL) was the common nickname for the Houston Colt .45’s and a few of their affiliates were just called the Colts. I should mention that the Philadelphia Phillies attempted to change their nickname to Blue Jays in the 1940s. It didn’t stick, but they gave the name to some of their minor league affiliates in that era. Suffice it to say that minor league teams named after MLB teams that had the same name aren’t counted.

There are a few other factors not really worth mentioning, including earlier-day MLB nicknames like the Boston Bees, Cleveland Blues and Boston Americans and their relationship to other pro sports nicknames or other incidental minor league teams.  Also, there are a handful of MLB nicknames that were previously used by minor league teams, such as the Baltimore Orioles, Los Angeles Angels, Milwaukee Brewers, and San Diego Padres. These are in separate categories: either multi-level movers or vampire identities.





Running list of all identified Big Four Same-Names



Bucks (Milwaukee and Bend)

Bullets (Washington/Baltimore and San Antonio)

Bulls (Chicago and Durham)

Clippers (Los Angeles/San Diego and Columbus, Batavia)

Grizzlies (Vancouver/Memphis and Fresno)

Hawks (Atlanta and Boise, Waterloo)

Hornets (Charlotte and Greensboro, Charlotte)

Kings (Sacramento/Kansas City and Queens)

Mavericks (Dallas and High Desert, Portland)

Nuggets (Denver and maybe Idaho Falls)

Pelicans (New Orleans and Myrtle Beach, New Orleans)

Raptors (Toronto and Ogden)

Rockets (Houston/San Diego and Roswell)

Spurs (San Antonio and Salinas, Dallas-Fort Worth)

Suns (Phoenix and several minor league teams)

Thunder (Oklahoma City and Trenton)

Warriors (Golden State/San Francisco/Philadelphia and Danville)

Wizards (Washington and Fort Wayne)



Avalanche (Colorado and Salem)
Barons (Cleveland and Birmingham)
Blues (St. Louis and Memphis, Kansas City)
Bruins (Boston and Des Moines)

Capitals (Washington and Raleigh)

Ducks (Anaheim and Portland, Dayton)
Flyers (Philadelphia and Sumter)
Hurricanes (Carolina and Myrtle Beach)
Islanders (New York and Daytona Beach, Hawaii, Walla Walla)
Jets (Winnipeg and Gastonia, Quincy, Columbus)
Kings (Los Angeles and Queens)
Maple Leafs (Toronto and Toronto)
Oilers (Edmonton and Tulsa, etc.)
Panthers (Florida and Fort Worth)
Red Wings (Detroit and Rochester)
Seals (California/Oakland and San Francisco)
Senators (Ottawa and several minor league teams)
Stars (Dallas and Las Vegas, Texas City, Hollywood)



Bears (Chicago and several minor league teams)
Bills (Buffalo and Williamsport)
Buccaneers (Tampa Bay and Salem)
Chiefs (Kansas City and several minor league teams)
Cowboys (Dallas and Magic Valley/Twin Falls)
Eagles (Philadelphia and Kinston)
Falcons (Atlanta and Jamestown)
Jets (New York and Gastonia, Quincy, Columbus)
Lions (Detroit and Lodi)
Oilers (Houston/Tennessee and Tulsa, etc.)
Packers (Green Bay and Dubuque, Salinas, Sioux Falls)
Panthers (Carolina and Fort Worth)
Patriots (New England and Princeton, Charleston, Greensboro)
Ravens (Baltimore and New Haven)
Saints (New Orleans and St. Petersburg, St. Paul)


MLB (“FauxTOB” i.e. same name but unrelated to affiliation)

Blue Jays (Toronto and Green Bay)
Indians (Cleveland and Indianapolis, Spokane, etc.)
Pilots (Seattle and Peninsula, Riverside, Wichita, Clinton etc.)
Rays (Tampa Bay and Orlando)
Reds (Cincinnati and Mission, Modesto, etc.)
Royals (Kansas City and Montréal)
Senators (Washington and several minor league teams)
Tigers (Detroit and Tacoma, Venice/Vernon, etc.)
Twins (Minnesota and Sherman, Texarkana, etc.)






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